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Monday, April 22, 2024

15 Amazing Animals in Panama You Can See on Vacation

With a plethora of biodiversity national parks spanning the country, there’s a wide array of animals in Panama for visitors to enjoy.

From La Amistad (on the western border with Costa Rica) to Darien National Park (bordering Colombia in the east), the country is filled with more than 10,000 types of plants and hundreds of species of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.

Whether you prefer fertile land covered in lush rainforests or tropical beaches surrounded by big, blue ocean, Panama has plenty of natural beauty to spare.

The country’s coast is dotted by islands such as the Bocas del Toro archipelago, Pearl Islands, and San Blas Islands, with abundant marine life to be seen along with the picturesque scenic views.

Here’s a look at some of the more iconic Panama wildlife you may see in this unique country, which serves as a crossroads between North and South America.

READ MORE: The 20 Best Things to Do in Panama (For Nature Lovers)

Hummingbird in Islas Secas, Panama by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

Animals in Panama Guide

  1. Red-eyed Tree Frog
  2. Bush Dog
  3. Capybara
  4. Dolphins
  5. Giant Anteater
  6. Green Iguana
  7. Jaguar
  8. Jaguarundi
  9. Margay
  10. White-Faced Capuchin Monkey
  11. Morpho Butterflies
  12. Sea Turtles
  13. Sloths
  14. Tapirs
  15. Whale Sharks

READ MORE: The 20 Best Places to Visit in Central America (For Nature Lovers)

Frogs in Panama - Red-Eyed Tree Frog
Red Eyed Tree Frog in Tortuguero, Costa Rica by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

1. RED-EYED TREE FROG

According to the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institutethere are over 200 different species of amphibians found in Panama.

But the Red-eyed Tree Frog is one of the most beloved, with its small green body and the piercing red eyes that give it its name.

In Panama, these little amphibians are commonly spotted in the tropics rainforest habitats, usually resting behind large leaves during the day and becoming more active at night.

READ MORE: 70 Cool & Weird Animals Around the World (An Epic Guide)

Native animals in Panama - Bush Dog
Bush Dog in Panama via Canva

2. BUSH DOG

With an appearance more like a large weasel or a very small (around 13 pounds) bear, the bush dog is a relatively rare and unusual native animal of Panama.

They’re very hard to spot, usually preferring to hide in rainforests.

They’re quite fond of the water, and feed on reptiles and small mammals. Sometimes they have been known to hunt for larger mammals (including capybaras) as well.

READ MORE: Animals in Kenya: A Guide to 40 Species of Kenyan Wildlife

Panamanian animals - Wild Capybara in Soberania National Park of Gamboa Panama
Wild Capybara in Soberania National Park of Gamboa Panama via Canva

3. CAPYBARA

The massive capybara is a “rodent of unusual size,” and one species can be found in Panama.

The Panamanian capybara has short brown fur and short limbs. But, at an average of 60 pounds, they’re a bit smaller than their cousins South America.

The capybara spends a lot of its time near the water and can often be seen near the Chagres River.

READ MORE: 40 Amazing Costa Rican Animals

Mammals of Panama - Dolphin Pod in the Gulf of Chiriquí, Panama
Dolphin Pod in the Gulf of Chiriquí, Panama by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

4. DOLPHINS

Dolphins are among the smartest creatures on Earth, and the Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin is particularly renowned for playful interaction.

They can often be seen off the coast of Panama, swimming in pods and leaping in the waves created by boats.

In addition to the clicking sounds they use for communication, Dolphins known for their speed, agility, and use of echolocation to find prey.

READ MORE: 30 Cool & Weird Ocean Animals Around the World

Animals in Panama jungle - Giant Anteater
Giant Anteater via Canva

5. GIANT ANTEATER

Also known as the Ant Bearthe Giant Anteater is a large mammal that can weigh up to 90 pounds.

They’ve got a long, narrow tongue and long snout to match, with a sense of smell 40 times more powerful than that of humans.

These animals can be found throughout much of Central and South Americabut in Panama they’re most often spotted in Darien National Park (a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site).

READ MORE: 20 Weird and Cute Australian Animals

Reptiles of Panama - Iguana in Islas Secas, Panama
Iguana, Who Visited Us Every Day in Islas Secas, Panama by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

6. GREEN IGUANA

The Green Iguana is one of many reptiles in Panama and is the most commonly seen.

These ancient-looking lizards love the rainforest, where they feed on plants and fruit.

If you get a chance, visit the Isla Iguana Wildlife Refuge – a 58-hectare island reserve located about three miles off the east coast of the Azuero Peninsula.

It’s a great place to find them, as well as thousands of birds and a thriving coral reef system.

READ MORE: 30 Amazing Galapagos Islands Animals

Jaguars in Panama
Jaguar in Panama via Canva

7. JAGUAR

Panama is home to several impressive cat species, but none more formidable than the Jaguar.

These majestic cats are known for their distinctive spots, swimming prowess, and pursuit of many different types of prey along the water.

Unfortunately, the population of Jaguars in Panama and all of Central America are currently on the decline due to human interference, deforestationand other issues.

READ MORE: 20 Endangered African Animals You Can See On A Safari

Jaguarundi
Jaguarundi via Canva

8. JAGUARUNDI

One of the most unusual species of cats in Panama, the Jaguarundi can be found in both arid and rainforest habitats.

They’re considerably smaller and slimmer than Jaguars, measuring up to 30 inches long (not including the tail) and weighing less than 20 pounds.

They have solid coats of fur that may be black, brown, or red.

These cats can usually be found near the water, feeding on various types of small mammals in Panama.

READ MORE: 25 Amazing Animals in Iceland

Panama wildlife - Margay
Margay in Panama via Canva

9. MARGAY

The Margay is smaller than the other wild cats in Panama, measuring 19 to 30 inches long and weighing less than 10 pounds.

These beautiful spotted cats are best-known for their impressive tree-climbing skills. They can even climb down trees head-first, unlike many other cats.

Although they are mostly nocturnal, daytime sightings of Margays in Panama are not uncommon.

READ MORE: 30 Species of Arctic Animals

White_Faced_Capuchin_Monkey_Corcovado_National_Park_Costa_Rica
White-Faced Capuchin Monkey by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

10. WHITE-FACED CAPUCHIN MONKEY

There are 8 different species of monkeys in Panama, from two kinds of Howler Monkeys and Spider Monkeys to Geoffrey’s Tamarin and more.

The White-headed Capuchin– a small but energetic monkey with a white face and head– is probably the most commonly seen monkey species in Panama.

They’re known for their climbing skills and territorial nature, while Squirrel Monkeys are known for their speed and Panamanian Night Monkeys are easily distinguished by their big eyes.

READ MORE: 21 Animals that Live in the Amazon Rainforest

Insects in Panama - Blue Morpho
Blue Morpho at the Aruba Butterfly Farm by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

11. MORPHO BUTTERFLIES

Bright blue, iridescent wings identify the beloved Morpho butterfly, another species that is commonly seen throughout Panama.

Blue Morphos can be seen flying through the air in the daytime, drinking fruit juice and tree sap, and sampling the air with their antennae.

There are actually more than two dozen subspecies of Morpho butterflies, all of which boast a dazzling array of color patterns on their wings.

READ MORE: 12 Beautiful Birds in the Amazon Rainforest

Sea Turtle Buries Nest, Rosalie Bay Resort
Loggerhead Sea Turtle Camouflaging Her Nest in Dominica by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

12. SEA TURTLES

Panama is a popular place for several of the world’s sea ​​turtle species.

Coiba National Parkwhich is located south of mainland Panama, is visited by four types of sea turtles, including Leatherback, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, and Green Sea Turtles.

The uncrowded beaches of Isla Coiba (the site of a harrowing political prison during the Manuel Noriega years) are a favorite spot for sea turtles to lay their eggs before heading back to the water.

READ MORE: 40 Alaskan Animal Species

Mammals in Panama - Pygmy 3-toed Sloth
Pygmy 3-toed Sloth in Panama via Canva

13. SLOTHS

Sloths come in two different families – two-toed and three-toed.

The Pygmy 3-toed Sloth (one of several varieties found in Panama) is to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, which is located north of mainland Panama.

The Pygmy Sloth is unique for its preferred mangrove forest habitat. But, like other types of sloths, they’re helpless on the ground and surprisingly adept at swimming!

READ MORE: 30 Amazing Antarctic Animals

Weird Animals, Baird's Tapir
Baird’s Tapir, photo by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett

14. TAPIRS

Looking like a bizarre cross between a piga donkey and a rhinothe Tapir can be spotted at numerous national parks and wildlife reserves in Panama.

They can often be found relaxing in forests near bodies of water and mud.

They use their short trunks to grab a hold of food, with fresh fruits among their favorite things to eat.

READ MORE: 20 Best Caribbean Islands to Visit (If You Love Nature & Hate Crowds)

Swimming with whale sharks in Cancun, Mexico
Swimming with whale sharks in Cancun, Mexico

15. WHALE SHARKS

Measuring up to 45 feet long and weighing around 40,000 pounds, Whale Sharks are easily the largest fish species in the world.

With a life span of up to 70 years, Whale Sharks are known for their large mouths, which are used to filter-feed on small fish and plankton.

Coiba National Park is one of the few places in Panama where visitors can hope to catch a glimpse of (or have a chance to swim with) these gentle giants during their peak season, which lasts from June through September. Anika Chaturvedi, Featured image of Bush Dogs via Canva

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